Types of work arrangement and hours
Find the working arrangement that fits your career and lifestyle.
- Full time usually means a person works 40 hours a week, but could mean from 30 to 40 hours.
- Start and finish times can vary depending on circumstances. For example, a parent might start early or work shorter hours so they can collect their children from school.
- Full-time employees sometimes work shifts, and may work outside of standard business hours. These shifts may be set hours, or change from week to week.
- Part time means a person works a set amount of hours each week, which can range from a few to around 30 hours. For example, a student may work every Saturday for eight hours to help with study costs.
- Part-time work is a good option if you have family members to look after, want to study or have a primary job with irregular hours.
- Casual workers are usually hired for one-off business needs or ongoing, irregular work. For example, a retail store may need extra help over the Christmas period and hire some casual staff for the month of December.
- Casual work can lead to permanent work and is a good way to meet people in industries you want to work in.
- Seasonal work can only be carried out at certain times of the year.
- The work is usually on farms and in forests, orchards and market gardens.
- Seasonal workers may need to move around the country to find jobs.
Contract or freelance work
- Contractors or freelancers are similar to casual staff, but are usually hired to do a particular piece of work. They will often have specialist skills that an organisation needs for specific projects.
- Contractors can be self-employed, or work through an agency or business.
- Contractors may work part-time or full-time hours for a fixed period of time.
- Self-employment is common in a wide range of industries and occupations in New Zealand. For example, courier drivers, plumbers and accountants are often self-employed.
- They may be contracted to work for different organisations, or have their own business, and employ other staff.
- Entrepreneurship - read about turning a bright idea into a successful business
Working from home
- Many employers offer staff the opportunity to work off-site, usually from home, for some or all of their working week.
- Staff are able to keep in regular contact with other staff through email and the internet.
- Working remotely from home is a good option for people who don't live close to their workplace. It also allows more flexibility with hours, depending on the employer.
- Portfolio work means working for different employers in two or more part-time roles. This can include freelance or contract work and self-employment. Together, these jobs can add up to full-time work.
- The work could be in quite different fields.
- Constantly looking out for new work opportunities requires motivation.
Updated 17 Jan 2019